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ИКЕМ - Индустриален клъстер "Електромобили" | Сряда, 16.01.2019 |
Electric Vehicle Charging Systems in the Helsinki Region
Constantly rising fuel prices and environmental consciousness have forced communities
to consider alternative transport solutions. In the past, electric cars have not been a
noteworthy alternative for cars with an internal combustion engine due to poor batteries.
Lately, batteries and electric cars have developed to become a respectable alternative to
gasoline powered cars. Although battery prices are high and driving ranges are low
compared to the gasoline cars, electric vehicles entail several direct and indirect benefits
to the society. Numerous projects concerning electric transportation around the world
are in operation. Since most of these projects are at the initial phase, actual results are
not available yet. The electric vehicle technology and business are, however, developing
rapidly. Thus, it is vital to keep up with the pace and develop innovations and concepts
further. After all, the Finnish industry has advantageous business opportunities after the
transition really commences.
1.2 Scope and aim of the thesis
This Master’s Thesis is a part of the SIMBe (Smart Infrastructures for Electric Mobility
in Built Environments) project, started up in January 2010. The project is introduced
further in Section 1.4. Chapter 2 presents the history, technology and features of electric
cars. Additionally, battery technology is under study. The present state of the electric
vehicle industry is assessed in Chapter 3. The primary aim of the thesis involves two
points; to outline the possible charging solutions, and the feasible billing and metering
methods for the electric cars in the Helsinki region. The fist aim is covered in Chapter 4
and the latter in Chapter 6. These solutions can be utilized at the implementing phase of
the SIMBe project. The scope of the billing and metering evaluation was to consider this
issue from the end-users viewpoint. Helen Sähköverkko Oy provided the research data
used in Chapter 5 that handles the secondary target – to examine the effects of electric
vehicle charging on the medium voltage network. In addition, the increase of an individual
household’s electricity consumption was assessed. At the end of the thesis, pro-
posals for the basic solutions of charging are introduced. Also, convenient billing and
metering methods from the user’s viewpoint are suggested.
The thesis was started by familiarizing with the subject and gathering basic understanding
about the state of the industry worldwide. After the introductory phase, a preliminary
table of contents was prepared. Based on the table of contents, more accurate data about
the chapter at issue was explored. The initial phase mainly included literature survey.
Later, concepts from the world and ideas from the SIMBe project were partially modified
and utilized into basic charging solutions. The billing and metering solutions were
evaluated by assessing the current means of payment and ways of metering the electricity
consumption. The effects of electric vehicle charging to the power grid based on the
data received from Helen Sähköverkko Oy. By including own impressions about the
charging load into the received data, a conception about the effects to the medium voltage
network was acquired.
1.4 The SIMBe project
The overall aim of SIMBe is to accelerate sustainable electric mobility in Finland.
SIMBe aims to prepare Finnish industrial parties and consumers for transition towards
electric transportation. The project covers the state and opportunities of the industry in
its entirety. The project focuses on built up environments and Helsinki will be the initial
pilot city. Electric vehicles (EV) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) lie within
its scope, but not hybrids without plug-in capability. The scheduled time for the whole
project is from January 2010 to December 2011 and the total budget is 1 M€.
SIMBe starts with a stakeholder value analysis including industry, public authorities and
end users. In the modeling and simulation phase, market-, traffic- and technology assessments
as well as new and existing services will be integrated into concepts for strategic
business models and earning logics. Further outputs include an infrastructure blueprint
and guidelines for transition, uncertainty management and market entry.
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за регионално развитие
Инвестираме във вашето бъдеще
„Развитие на конкурентоспособността
на българската икономика” 2007-2013
Интернет страницата е създадена с финансовата подкрепа на ЕФРР, в рамките на проект „Развитие на Индустриален Клъстер Електромобили” по ДБФП К-02-2/28.09.2011 г.